Mastering Arm Technique: Boost Your Running Performance

Jun 15, 2023

The Role of Proper Arm Technique in Running

When it comes to improving running performance, most runners focus primarily on leg strength and cadence. Understandable, it is the main aspect that powers your run. But there are other important factors that can seriously impact your running performance and put you at risk of developing an injury. It is often overlooked, but the significance of the upper body should not be underestimated. Proper arm technique and stabilisation of the trunk could be the thing holding you back from running success.

One common issue observed in runners is known as “twisting.” This occurs when the arms cross the midline of the body during the running motion. You can identify this by observing arms swinging side to side with elbows pointing outward, rather than moving back and forth. Twisting causes the upper body to rotate from side to side as you move forward, leading to an inefficient running form. To get a better idea of what this means, check out the video below for side by side comparision of a ‘twister’ and the correct running technique:


As you can see, there is a drastic difference in the running technqiue – and the arm technique has a huge role to play. When the upper body twists excessively, it results in energy being wasted as lateral movement instead of being used to propel you forward. So not only will your performance suffer as you are wasting your energy, you are also putting your body under stress from the excessive rotation (twisting) which would cause an injury later down the line.

This can be seen in the video above, where in the first clip there is excessive movement of the shoulders causing the body to sway side to side. The arms are crossing over the the chest, instead of the ‘correct chin to pocket’ motion.

To address this issue, it is important to focus on stabilising the trunk and improving arm technique. By keeping the arms moving in a more forward and backward direction, you can minimise unnecessary trunk rotation and reduce the amount of energy wasted. Watch the video below if you’re want to know more about how to stabilise your trunk and transform your running using proper arm technique.


Curious about what a twister looks like in running? Our blog on twisters explores this phenomenon and reveals how the Running Logic Programme at the Body Logic Health Clinic in Battersea can significantly enhance your running form. Dive into our comprehensive breakdown of this running issue and gain insights into its root causes. From tightness in the mid-back and shoulder girdle to the impact of poor core control, we unravel the reasons behind twisters. Don’t miss out on this informative blog to improve your running technique and conquer twisters.